© Christine Tam - Eastern Arc Mountains, Tanzania

Here you can find links to websites with more information about aligning economic forces with conservation, including organizations that focus on life-support systems, further information about environmental services, examples of economic valuation approaches, existing environmental services markets, assessments of the intersection of development and environmental services, overviews of modeling and mapping efforts, and sources of funding for research.


Organizations that Focus on Life-Support Systems

WWF - International

WWF - United States

The Nature Conservancy (TNC)

Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Environmental Services (IPBES)

Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)

Conservation Finance Alliance

Conservation Strategy Fund

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Economics, Trade and Incentive Measures

United States Forest Service (USFS)

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

Forest Trends

Group on Earth Observations Biodiversity Observation Network (GEO BON) (Brochure)

Katoomba Group

World Resources Institute People & Ecosystems(WRI)

Foundation for Sustainable Development (FSD)

Nature Valuation and Financing Network

UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Ecosystems Approach (Defra)

World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)

World Conservation Union (IUCN)

Resources for the Future (RFF)

World Bank

Life-Support Systems Background Information

Communicating Ecosystem Services: Fact Sheet (ESA)

Ecosystem Services: A Primer (ESA)

Communicating Ecosystem Services: Tools for Scientists to Engage the Public (ESA)

Conservation Economy Backgrounder (Katoomba Group)

“Nature’s Services,” Multimedia Overview (RAND Corporation)

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (United Nations)

Encyclopedia of Earth (Marine Ecosystem Services)

Communication Partnership for Science and the Sea (COMPASS)


Valuation Approaches, Tools, and Examples

The EcoValue Project (Gund Institute for Ecological Economics at the University of Vermont)

Assessing the Wealth of Nature: Using Economic Studies to Promote Land Conservation Instead of Sprawl

Biodiversity Economics (IUCN and WWF)

An introductory guide to valuing ecosystem services (Defra)

Environmental Economics Publications (International Institute for Environment and Development)

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (European Commission)

TruCost Environmental Research Organization

Putting an Economic Value on Wetlands - Concepts, Methods and Considerations

Economic Valuation of Coral Reefs in the Caribbean (WRI)

Economic Valuation and Conservation Finance Related Papers (Conservation Finance Alliance)

Electric Power Research Institute, Water and Ecosystems (EPRI)

Research Triangle Institute Valuation of Nonmarket Goods (RTI)

Land-Water Linkages in Rural Watersheds (FAO)

Environmental Valuation Databases

Conservation Value Map (Conservation International)

Environmental Valuation Reference Inventory (Environment Canada)

Envalue (Department of Environment and Conservation, New South Wales, Australia)

ValueBase (Beijer International Institute of Ecological Economics, Sweden)

Non-Market Valuation Database (Lincoln University, New Zealand)

Nature Valuation and Financing Network Case Study Database

National Ocean Economics Program (NOEP)

Exisiting Markets and Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES)

Ecosystem Marketplace (Katoomba Group)

The Matrix: Mapping Ecosystem Service Markets (Katoomba Group)

Payments for Environmental Services from Agricultural Landscapes (FAO)

The World Bank Carbon Finance Unit

Business and Biodiversity offsets Programme (BBOP)

EcoAsset Markets, Inc.

Development and Ecosystem Services

Rewarding Upland Poor for Environmental Services (RUPES)

Compensation for Ecosystem Services, Rural Poverty and Environment (ICRAF)

Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation (ESPA)

World Business Council for Sustainable Development

International Institute for Sustainable Development

Movie: “Wealth of the Poor: Managing Ecosystems to Fight Poverty” (WRI)

Integrating Wildlife Land-Use Options into the Livelihood, Development, and Conservation Strategies of Namibian Communities (Wildlife Conservation Society)

The Ecosystem Approach Implemented by Local Fishermen in Bocas del Toro, Panama (IUCN)

Climate Adaptation and Ecosystem Services

The Climate Adaptation Knowledge Exchange (CAKE), a joint project of Island Press and EcoAdapt, is aimed at building a shared knowledge base for managing natural systems, including oceans, in the face of climate change. CAKE helps users by vetting and organizing available information, communicating adaptation case studies, building a community via an interactive online platform, creating a directory of practitioners to share knowledge and strategies, and identifying and explaining data tools and information available from other sites.

The Coastal Climate Adaptation (COCA) website of the NOAA Coastal Services Center provides a diversity of resources in support of coastal and ocean adaptation, such as state-level adaptation plans, case studies, climate communications information, risk and vulnerability assessments, guidance, and outreach materials.

Climate Nexus

Modeling & Mapping

Ecosystem Services: Dynamics, Modeling, and Valuation to Facilitate Conservation (Gund Institute for Ecological Economics at the University of Vermont)

NatureServe Vista

Ecosystem Based Management Tools for Coastal and Marine Environments

Mapping Poverty and Ecosystem Services in East Africa (WRI)

Global Poverty Map and Databases of Human Well-being and Poverty (WRI)

Research Triangle Institute Environmental Modeling

Research Triangle Institute Environmental and Natural Resource Economics

Environmental Services and Sustainable Use of Forests (CIFOR)

ecoSERVICES (Arizone State University)

News & Blogs

Climate Adaptation Stories

Environmental Valuation and Cost-Benefit News

Flows - News on Payments for Watershed Services

Environmental Economics Blog

Environmental News Network



Society of Environmental Jounalists

Awards & Funding

World Wildlife Fund Fuller Science for Nature Fellowships

The Christensen Fund Grants

Kinship Conservation Fellowships

Society for Conservation Biology Smith Fellowships

Goldman Sachs Center for Environmental Markets Research Grants

National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis

Data Providers

Organizations Sharing Data with The Natural Capital Project